Review It

Using the knowledge you have gained, continue reading and thinking about the author’s purpose and the structure that the author uses to achieve the overall purpose.

Remember to ask yourself:

  • How does the purpose of this final major section fit the overall purpose of the article?
  • What is the structure of this final section?
  • How does the structure of this final section compare to the way the information is organized throughout the article?
  • How does the structure serve the author’s overall purpose?

In the following activities, you will read the remainder of the article and think about the author’s purpose.  Remember, the author’s purpose involves revealing the central idea to the reader through a carefully selected text structure. 

You will now engage in activities that require you to identify the central idea and the text structure.

Now read the paragraphs 6, 7 and 8 from the Tsunami article Opens a new window from the CDC, and then complete the activity below.

How do you know a tsunami is coming?

6 One sign of a tsunami is when the water level along coastlines changes (either by rising or falling) rapidly. In countries that don't have warning systems for tsunamis, the first thing people might see are stronger waves like the ones in an ordinary storm. These are followed quickly by the big tsunami waves.

7 The United States has warning systems in place to help protect people in Hawaii and on the West Coast, where tsunamis can hit. Scientists and researchers monitor for signs of a tsunami (like an underwater earthquake). If they notice something, they notify organizations to warn people through TV and radio announcements and with warning sirens.

Could a tsunami happen where I live?

8 In the United States, Alaska, Hawaii, and the coasts of Washington, Oregon and California are most at risk. In fact, tsunamis hit Hawaii about once a year. Most aren't dangerous. In fact, damaging tsunamis only hit about once every seven years.