Claim: A statement that answers a scientific question or address a problem.
Desalination: Removing salt from ocean water to make fresh water.
Domain-specific vocabulary: Specific terms and language related to a topic or field of study.
Evidence: Scientific data that supports the claim.
Explanatory Text: Writing that informs the reader by clearly explaining complex ideas, scientific procedures, experiments or technical processes.
Formal style: Complex, longer sentences in which ideas need to be explained thoroughly using standard English.
Paraphrase: Reword; use different words to express the same ideas.
Reasoning: The explanation that connects your claim to the evidence.
Sound: Logically valid, free from error.
Unbiased: Fair, neutral, without prejudice.